· Marine invertebrate biology and ecology
· Global change – ocean acidification and warming
· Environmental impacts – water quality, light availability (turbidity), nutrients, salinity
· Behavioural ecology
· Predator-prey dynamics and trophic interactions
· Acclimation and adaptation
· Shell evolution – defence and predation pressure
· Latitudinal gradients – evolutionary trends from the tropics to the poles
My research focuses on the effects of environmental stressors on marine organisms including invertebrates, corals and fishes. I am particularly interested in the effects of multiple stressors such as ocean warming, ocean acidification and water quality impacts including light availability (turbidity), nutrients and salinity. My broad research interests include ecology, physiology, behaviour and the potential for acclimation and adaptation to change in marine organisms.
Research organisms include: bivalve and gastropod molluscs (oysters, giant clams, jumping snails, cone snails, pteropods), crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS), hard and soft corals, crustaceans, sea urchins, fish (coral reef fish, kingfish, barramundi), brachiopods and sea cucumbers.
Research sites include: Australia, Singapore, French Polynesia, Antarctica, Arctic, UK, deep sea (Crozet Islands and North Atlantic abyssal plain), Falkland Islands and New Zealand.
University studies: I’m originally from the UK and studied for a BSc (Hons) degree in Biology from the University of Nottingham and MSc in Oceanography from the National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton. With the University of Southampton and British Antarctic Survey, I researched evolutionary trends across latitudinal gradients in marine invertebrates to determine how adaptive traits change along environmental gradients from the tropics to the poles for my PhD, in collaboration with the National University of Singapore, University of Melbourne and James Cook University.
Environmental stressors and marine organisms
Impacts of environmental stressors on marine organisms
Ocean acidification and global warming; water quality - light availability (turbidity), nutrients, salinity; molluscs, corals, crown-of-thorns starfish, crustaceans and fishes; giant clam projects; developmental and trans-generational acclimation to climate change.
Ocean acidification and behavioural effects on marine animals
Behavioural effects of ocean acidification on marine invertebrates; jumping snails and global warming; predator-prey interactions and ocean acidification; GABA-A neurotransmitter receptors and ocean acidification.
Evolutionary trends along latitudinal gradients
Evolution, ecology and biogeography of marine invertebrates - large scale evolutionary patterns and ecological trends in calcareous marine invertebrates (molluscs, echinoderms and brachiopods) across latitudes; patterns of invertebrate calcification and eco-physiology from the tropics to the poles in both Northern and Southern Hemispheres across 140 degrees of latitude; closely-related invertebrates, shell calcification traits and evolutionary timescales.